ERNST LUDWIG KIRCHNER

Nature morte à la lampe, 1912
Oil on original canvas and chassis
95 x 95 cm / 37,4 x 37,4 in
Signed and titled on the back : E.L. Kirchner ; Stilleben mit lampe
Certificate of authencity issued by Mr Wolfgang Henze in charge of Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Archives, March 4th, 2017.

PROVENANCE

Neue Kunst - Hans Goltz, Munich, 1913 between 1911-1927.
Paul Poiret (1879-1944), Paris.
Perrine Poiret, Paul Poiret's daughter, 1944.
Sophie Rang des Adret, Perrine Poiret's daughter, France, till February 1999.
Sale Yves Rabourdin & Olivier Choppin de Janvry, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, February 17th, 1999.
Private collection, Switzerland.


EXHIBITIONS

Brücke - El Nacimiento del Expresionismo Alemán, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza & Fundación Caja Madrid, Madrid, February 1st - May 15th, 2005, n°137.
Brücke - Die Geburt des deutschen Expressionismus, Brücke-Museum, Berlin, October 2nd, 2005 - January 2006, n°143.
Expressionnisme. Le Fauve est lâché, Fondation Pierre Arnaud, Switzerland, February 2nd - May 20th 2018 (loan request).


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Umelecky Mesicnik, Tome II, 1913, Prague, photography signed of the work illustrated p.113. Letter from Kirchner to Vincenc Kramár, April 28th, 1913.
Kubismus in Prag, 1909-1925, Exhibition Catalogue, Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Düsseldorf, 1991, photography signed of the work illustrated p.73.
Brücke - El Nacimiento del Expresionismo Alemán, Exhibition Catalogue, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza & Fundación Caja Madrid, Madrid, 2005, illustrated under the n°137, p.269.
Brücke - Die Geburt des deutschen Expressionismus, Exhibition Catalogue, Brücke-Museum, Berlin, 2005, illustrated under the n°143, p.235.
Doris Hansmann, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Place des Victoires Editions, illustrated full page p.117.


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BIOGRAPHY

Aschaffenburg 1880 - Frauenkirche 1938

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, born in Bavaria in 1880 is generally seen as the most important painter of the German Expressionism. From 1901 to 1905, he studied architecture in Dresden where he met and worked with Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. After finishing his studies he opposed his father's wishes and decided to become a painter. The intense artistic and intellectual relationship between the four artists soon led to the formation of the « Die Brücke » group, which, according to Schmidt-Rottluff, wanted to « attract all revolutionary and restless forces », to create a new artistic style, breaking with the academic tradition. In 1906, they held their first exhibition, focused on the female nude, in Dresden.
In 1911, Kirchner moved to Berlin where he discovered new landscapes - city and street scenes. He painted them in a simplified manner, with sharply contoured forms, expressive features and clashing colours.
In 1917, Kirchner settled in Frauenkirch near Davos. The city scenes were now replaced by mountain landscapes and scenes of rural life.
The beginning of World War I and the following years were a turning point in his life and work. The war experiences and military service caused an existential anxiety and led him to illness and long stays in sanatoriums. In 1933, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was described as a « degenerate artist » by the nazi regime who required his dismissal from the Academy of Arts in Berlin. Four years later, more than 600 of his works were removed from German museums and then sold or destroyed. Traumatized by these events and the imminence of World War II, Kirchner committed suicide in 1938.

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