OTTO DIX 1891-1969
First introduced to art by his mother, Otto Dix was later formed at the Dresden School of Applied Arts (1910-1914). There he practiced various aesthetics: Cubism, Futurism, Dadaism...
During World War I, Otto Dix was sent to the front. In the trenches he made diary sketches, which, mixed to his memories became inspirations for his artworks characterized by a cruel realism as is apparent in his fifty eaux-fortes entitled War.
In the 1920's, Otto Dix joined the New Objectivity movement, which aimed for a realist and figurative painting with social connotation. In that way close to the Expressionist movement to which Otto Dix had been attached.
In 1933, when Hitler came to power, Dix was forced to abandon the post he occupied since 1926 as an art teacher at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts. Considered a degenerated artist, some of his artworks were included in the Degenerate Art exhibition held in 1937 in Munich while others were burnt. However, Dix continued painting and more precisely landscapes. After World War II, he rendered via an exacerbated realism and allegorical figures the suffering and traumatism of war.
Nowadays, his artworks can be seen in the most renowned museums such as the MoMA, the Centre Pompidou or Basel's Kunstmuseum.