Pablo Ruiz Picasso, born in 1881 was a Spanish painter, draftsman and sculptor. Using all materials for his work, he is one of the founding fathers of Cubism along with Braque. He began painting at the age of eight. From 1901 to 1904, deeply marked by the suicide of his friend Carlos Casagemas, Picasso entered in his blue period, his works dealt with the themes of melancholy, old age and death through the predominance of blue colour. Followed by the pink period, under the sign of love and joy.
From 1907 to 1914, he realized with Georges Braque a series of paintings, the Cubist movement appeared. The year 1925 was a radical rupture in the painter's production. He’s tempted by Surrealism movement but at the same time the fascism in Europe and particularly in Spain gained power. His work Guernica, painted in 1936 was realized following the announcement of a massacre perpetrated by Franco's troops. It was quickly established as a symbol of resistance.
After World War II, his paintings became more optimistic and he was inspired by children's drawings. Often considered as the greatest artist of the twentieth century for his technical and formal contributions but also for his political positions, there is no doubt that Picasso changed the art perception and the way to apprehend it. He died in 1973.