JOSEPH CSAKY

Biography

Szeged 1888 - Paris 1971

Hungarian avant-garde sculptor born in 1888, Joseph Csaky constantly tried to create new forms. Applying the principles of pictorial Cubism to his art, he is considered as a pioneer of modern sculpture. Born into a modest family, he was accepted in 1905 at the Academy of Applied Arts in Budapest and then moved to Paris which was at this time, the city of the Avant-Garde. Shortly after, Csaky found a studio at the artist's collective La Ruche in Montparnasse and discovered the Cubist creations of Braque and Picasso. His work, firstly influenced by Rodin changed after World War II. His sculptures became more personal, using a variety of cones, cylinders and spheres. Throughout his life, Csaky exhibited at Léonce Rosenberg gallery called L'Effort Moderne that gave him reputation into the artistic community.

From 1924, he worked for the decorator Marcel Coard then for Jacques Doucet, the famous couturier with his Hungarian friend Gustave Miklos and used sculptures techniques to make furniture. From 1927, his work evolved, he started doing research on Figurative movement, taking his inspiration from animals and female shapes and kept the aesthetic of Cubism, giving to his sculptures dynamic and sensuality.

In 1930, a monograph was published and French State commissioned him monumental sculptures for the International Exhibition of Arts and Techniques in 1937.

In 1945, his style tended towards fluidity and sensuality.
The end of his life was marked by another commission from French State for a new school in Amiens : two huge bas-reliefs completed in 1952.

Thereafter, his hometown Budapest organized a solo show in 1965 in the Museum of Fine Arts, which was a great success. Joseph Csaky died in 1971.


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