Chropyne 1882 - Prague 1953
Emil Filla's works are rare in France. Despite a significant stay in Paris in 1909-1910, where he discovered Picasso and Braque, the Czech artist spent most of his carrier in his home country where he became a major artist. An avant-gardist, he was one of the first painters to lead his art towards modernity. Its indeed in the first years of the XXth century that Filla entered the School of Fine Arts in Praha. He would later complete his training in Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium.
With his classmates, he founded circa 1907-1908, the 8 group 'Osma', marked by Fauvism and German Expressionism. He already knew Cézanne and his conception of space but, under Picasso's influence, he would reach a real technical perfection with an excellent rendering of volumes and material aspect of the objects. Still lifes rapidly became his favorite subject.
The First World War prevented him from moving to Paris and forced him to stay in the Netherlands. Happy coincidence, thanks to the masters of the Northern School, he discovered a new and slighter way of painting matter and color. Gradually, he highlighted his palette to create after 1925 much more expressive works, giving up the formal rigour for more feeling in paintings where vivid colors connect with a thick and lively matter.
Emil Filla's art, like his compatriots Kubista, Prochazka or Capek, would impose Cubism as official painting in Czechoslovakia from 1918.